ICD related Complications
- Infection at implant site
- Lead issues
- Device Malfunction
- Inappropriate shocks
- End of battery life
Infections might occur after the surgery however these are rare.
Lead-related complications include perforation, lead displacement, lead fracture, and insulation defects.
The majority of ICD generator-related complications consisted of prophylactic generator replacements due to manufacturer recalls. These would require reoperation and additional hospitalization.
95.7 percent of re-implantation surgery occurred due to end of battery life.