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New! Free Haiku Deck for PowerPoint Add-In
Published on Nov 18, 2015
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ITS PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
THE PARTS OF THE CELL
Cell wall (only in plant cells), cell membrane, ribosomes
Cytoplasm, flagella, cilia, nucleus, nuclear membrane,
Nucleolus, chloroplast, Golgi apparatus, lysosome,
Mitochondrion, plastid, rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum, vacuole, vesicle
Only found in plant cells
Surrounds the cell membrane
Made out of specialized sugars called cellulose
Protects the cell for it to survive
Found in all cells
Separates the inside of the cell from the outside environment
Keeps everything for the cell to function inside and
all of the bad things outside.
Protein builders or SYNTHESIZERS
Cells use the protein as support
for other functions
Found either floating around or attached
to the endoplasmic reticulum
Fluid that fills the inside of the cell
It suspends organelles and uses enzymes
to break down larger molecules. The products
the enzymes make can be used by the organelles.
Also breaks down glucose, which is then sent to the mitochondria.
Long, threadlike appendages on the surface of a cell.
Found in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
Rotate fast like a motor.
Important for movement, as well as checking the
chemical balances and temperatures outside of the cell.
Short, hair like appendages extending from the surface of a cell.
Wave-like, slow movement.
Only found in eukaryotic cells.
Their job is to keep our airways clear of mucus and dirt, allowing
us to breathe easily. They also help propel sperm.
A big dark spot located somewhere in the middle of the cytoplasm.
Only found in eukaryotic cells.
Helps control eating, movement, and reproduction.
It acts as the brain of the cell.
A double-layered membrane surrounding the nucleus.
Separates the nucleoplasm from the cytoplasm.
Regulates the exchange of materials between the nucleus
and the cytoplasm.
Round granular structure within the nucleus.
Composed of protein and RNA.
Involved with ribosomal RNA synthesis and
formation of ribosomes in eukaryotes.
Chlorophyll-containing plastid within plant cells.
Functions as the site of photosynthesis.
Organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.
Transports lipids around the cell, packages molecules
into vesicles for secretion.
Involved in glycosylation.
Organelles used for digestion
and removal of excess or worn-out organelles,
food particles, and engulfed viruses or bacteria.
Spherical or rod shaped organelle
found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells.
Acts as the "powerhouse" of the cell.
Generates most of the cell's supply of ATP
through the process of cellular respiration.
Double membrane bound organelle.
Involved in the storage and synthesis of food.
Commonly found in plant cells.
ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
An endoplasmic reticulum and a eukaryotic organelle.
Made up of a system of tubes and sacs, studded with ribosomes.
The ribosomes bind to the ER when it starts to synthesize
membrane-bound proteins, destined for sorting.
SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
A part of an endoplasmic reticulum.
Its functions include lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism,
calcium concentration, drug detoxification, and attachment of
receptors on cell membrane proteins.
Membrane-bound vesicle found in the cytoplasm.
Functions include intracellular secretion, excretion, storage,
A bubble-like structure that stores and transports
cellular products, and digests metabolic wastes
within the cell.