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Wildlife Management

Published on Nov 18, 2015

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Wildlife Management

Historical View

What did numbers look like in the 1800s?
Photo by dok1

Changes Began

Ax, plow & wildfire change landscape.
Photo by davedehetre

Numbers Drop

What caused this heavy toll?
Photo by Dawn Huczek

Market Hunting & Fur Trade

Private Farms Develop

Were these positive or negative to wildlife?

Some Species Restored

  • Some species restored in abundance
  • Financial pressures have stopped some actions (farmers have to farm)
Photo by ecstaticist

Erosion is a Major Issue

What problems does it pose to wildlife?

Top inches give

  • living area
  • food
  • shelter

Covey of Quail

Live on about 20A under ideal conditions.
Photo by SidPix

Quail Food Needs

  • Spring/Summer- green plants & insects
  • Fall & winter- weed seed & grain residues

Where does their water come from?

Photo by haglundc

Missing elements = no Quail

Photo by jenny downing

Can we change...

  • wildlife decline?
  • erosion?
Photo by Dave_S.

Considerations When Evaluating Land

Photo by Claudio.Ar


Feed plant-eaters...others will follow
Photo by 55Laney69

Water Sources

  • Salamanders (fish?)
  • Quail (surface water?)
  • focal point of plant?
Photo by Chalkie_CC


What does it provide?

Managing Natural Cover

  • planting
  • pruning
  • thinning
  • clearing

Manmade Cover

  • brush piles
  • nesting boxes
  • rock piles
  • birdhouses
  • log piles
  • what else?
Photo by woolcarderbee

Familiar with Land

  • Changing seasons
  • signs of animals

Types of Farm Habitats

Photo by nosha

4 main types

  • cropland
  • grassland (includes pasture)
  • woodland
  • fence rows & other idle lands
  • (page 6)


Photo by jang1993


Fencerows & Other Idle Areas

Making a Plan

1. Obtain Map

Photo by andyarthur

2. mark habitat types

Photo by JoelDeluxe

3. mark areas of improvement

Basically plant management. 
Photo by esagor

4. Soils Map

Photo by placeuvm

Management= increased # or range

Photo by blmiers2

Management Practices

Begins on page 9
Photo by ecstaticist

Crop Field Practices

  • tillage
  • crop rotation
  • contour strip cropping
Photo by CIMMYT

Field Borders, Fencerows & Turn-rows

Fallow Fields & Set-Aside Acres

Grassed or Wooded Waterways

Photo by Al_HikesAZ

Field Shelterbelts, Windbreaks, Fencerows

Photo by joeldinda

Managing Grasslands

Photo by Marcus Rahm


  • Cool-season
  • Warm-season
  • Native


  • orchard grass
  • timothy
  • tall fescue
  • Kentucky bluegrass
Photo by Matt Lavin

Caution w/ Tall Fescue

  • great forage
  • endophyte fungus
  • great erosion control
  • vigorous growth pushes out native

Warm-Season Grasses

  • Indian grass
  • big & little bluestem
  • switch grass

Native Grasses

  • unplowed prairie remnants
  • dominated by native warm-season grasses

General Practices for Grasslands